I have been struggling for the last days with this issue and so far I am not able to find any solution. The issue in a few words is (error message):

H00035: access to index.php denied because search permissions are missing on a component of the path

Where this app is running?

  • the host is Windows 10
  • this is a VM running inside VirtualBox and managed by Vagrant
  • CentOS Linux release 7.5.1804 (Core)
  • Apache/2.4.33 (IUS)
  • PHP 7.2.6 (no that it matters but just in case)
  • SELinux: Enforcing

What I have tried so far:

  • Ran the following commands in the box: It worked? NO (found here)

    find /var/www -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \;
    find /var/www -type f -exec chmod 664 {} \;
  • Ran the following commands in the box: It worked? NO (found here)

    chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_t /var/www

Tried everything in here, It worked? NO.

What I did tried and works? Disable SELinux!!! So for sure it's a SELinux miss configuration.

Permissions at /var/www looks like follow:

# namei -mo /var/www/api/public/index.php
f: /var/www/api/public/index.php
 dr-xr-xr-x root    root    /
 drwxr-xr-x root    root    var
 drwxrwxr-x vagrant vagrant www
 drwxrwxr-x vagrant vagrant api
 drwxrwxr-x vagrant vagrant public
 -rwxrwxr-- vagrant vagrant index.php

What else I can try here to fix the issue? I know the easy path would be "disable SELinux" but I do not want to do it it would be better to learn how to do things right :)

This box was built using Puphpet and I can share it. Let me know if you need it for testing purposes.


@hbruijn's answer gave me the idea to change the owner from vagrant to Apache www-data and the H00035 is gone, however I got a new one.

// Before
        owner: vagrant
        group: vagrant
        source: ../../www/html
        target: /var/www
        sync_type: default

// After
        owner: www-data
        group: www-data
        source: ../../www/html
        target: /var/www
        sync_type: default

The error as it is right now:

(13)Permission denied: [client] AH00529: /var/www/api/public/.htaccess pcfg_openfile: unable to check htaccess file, ensure it is readable and that '/var/www/api/public/' is executable

This is the output from @hbruijn's answer:

# ls -lZ /var/www/
drwxrwxr-x. www-data www-data system_u:object_r:vmblock_t:s0   api/
-rwxrwxr--. www-data www-data system_u:object_r:vmblock_t:s0   index.html*

I have ran the same command again: find /var/www -type f -exec chmod 664 {} \; but it did not change anything at all which mean permissions remains the same as before.

Any ideas?

migrated from serverfault.com Jun 14 at 13:19

This question came from our site for system and network administrators.

The problem is probably rooted in the fact that you expose part of the host file system as /var/www data in your VirtualBox VM.

Obviously Windows does not have the required file attributes to provide SELinux contexts.

So your VM uses a default security context instead.

The default security context for an "unknown" file system is not a context that aligns well with running a web server.
Check with ls -lZ /var/www/. Your webserver needs something like

drwxr-xr-x. root root system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0 /var/www/html 

and currently you're probably getting something different like:

drwxrwxrwx. vagrant vagrant system_u:object_r:vmblock_t:s0 /var/www/api

You can try to manually force the correct SELinux context as a mount option:

mount -o remount,context="system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0" /var/www

and if that works as intended (check with ls -Z) you can probably add that to the mount options is /etc/fstab or your vagrant file

  • The command is failing # mount -o remount,context="system_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t:s0" /var/www unknown mount option relatime not sure in how to fix it – ReynierPM Jun 14 at 14:24
  • Also could you take a look to my update in the OP? – ReynierPM Jun 14 at 14:51

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